Commonly Encountered Health Problem in School
- 痛楚通常只會影響女仕的經期開始之前或剛剛開始的時候及維持一日。 在嚴重的情況下，會持續數天。
- 痛楚通常會在下腹部出現， 但下腰部及腿部都可能會有不舒服的情況出現。
- 在某些情況下， 可能有頭痛、反胃、嘔吐、頭暈、腸胃不適等等
- 放鬆運動: 深呼吸運動。
- 如女孩有帶著由醫生處方的止痛藥 Panadol 或 Ponston，可容許她服用。
- 皮膚出現痕癢，及後發出紅色的風塊 (呈粉紅色小點而中間較淡色)
Advice on School Bag
Menstrual Problem (Dysmenorrhoea)
|Brief Information about Dysmenorrhoea
- Dysmenorrhoea, or period pains is not a disease, it is a condition
that affects almost all women at some point in their reproductive
lives. Factors such as a lack of exercise or emotional stress may
aggravate the problem.
- Pain usually affects the woman just before or after the onset of
the periods and usually lasts a day. In the severe form, it may last
- The pain may be felt low down in the abdomen, but there may also be
discomfort in the lower back, legs, etc.
- In some instances, there may also be a headache, a bout of nausea,
vomiting, dizziness, upset in bowel function, etc.
|Dysmenorrhoea may be of two varieties
- Primary, where there is no apparent cause for pain.
- Secondary, where the uterus is affected by common problems like
endometriosis, fibroids, etc.
|Management in school
- Reassure the girl that dysmenorrhoea is a common and an eminently
treatable problem. Tell the girl that most of the women will responds
well to simple treatment in order to allay her anxiety.
- Help the girl to lie down in a bed to take a rest in an acute
- Offer some hot drink to the girl if she has no complaint of nausea
- Hot pad or water bottle place to lower abdominal region or lower
- Hot bath if available.
- Relaxation exercise: deep breathing exercise.
- If the girl brings along her doctor's prescribed mild analgesic,
such as Panadol or Ponston, allow her to take the medication.
- Call the parents to bring the girl home if she wants to rest at
- Call for emergency help if the pain is persistently severe in order
to rule out other causes.
|Common problems found in school after
- Redness over the wound
- Bleeding over the wound
- Pus discharge over the wound
- Reassure the student who had complained wound pain
- Male teacher can ask the student to go to the medical room or
toilet to examine the wound
- Inform the parents to take the student for early follow up if only
redness was noted
- If bleeding is notified, use sterile gauze to stop bleeding.
- If pus is observed, use sterile gauze to cover the wound.
- Let the student to lie flat and avoid moving around
- Inform the parents and bring the student to consult his doctor
- If bleeding cannot be stopped, take the student to A&E
- Commonly known as hives.
- Most cases are acute, lasting from a few hours to less than six
- Some cases are chronic, may last for more than six weeks.
- Often no cause can be found.
- Triggering factors include infections, drugs, foods and additives,
cold, sun exposure, insect stings, alcohol, exercise, endocrine
disorders and emotional stress.
|Sign and symptoms
- The skin itches first and then it erupts into red weal (raised pink
spots with pale centers).
- The itchiness may be severe enough to affect studying and
- Lesions vary from mild redness with little swelling to elevated,
intensely itching, massive wheals.
- Avoid exposure to known allergen.
- Take prescribed medications only.
- Avoid hot baths or showers after an episode of urticaria.
|Call for emergency assistance if
- Student is having difficulty in breathing.
- Student looks sick.